HINDU ENCYCLOPEDIA

सनातन धर्म भूमिका

Meaning of "Puru"

Word

Puru

Sanskrit

पुरु

IAST

puru

In General

Puru is son of great king Yayati in his wife Sharmishta and an ancestor of Pandavas. The main dynasty descended from him is Kuru dynasty. Apart from Kuru many other dynasties were also descended from the great king Puru. His wife is Kausalya to them were born Janamejaya. Puru conducted three Asvadedha Yaga and one Visvajith Yaga. Puru accepting old age from his father Yayati in exchange of his youth is a famous story in Purana.

Geneology: From Mahavisnu were descended in the following order: Brahma - Atri – Candra -Budha - Pururavas - Ayus – Nahusha – Yayati – Puru

P:

Descended from Puru were: Janamejaya - Pracinvan - Pravira - Namasyu - Vitabhaya - Sundu - Bahuvidha - Sarhyati - Rahovadi - Raudrasva

Raudrasva married Israkesi. They had ten sons, viz. Rksayu Krsayu Sannatayu Ghrtayu Citayu Sthandilayu Dharmayu Sammitayu Rtayu and Matinara

Matinara begot two sons Pratiratha and Santurodha

From Pratiratha was born Kanva and from him Madhatithi

Santurodha had three sons, Dusyanta Pravira and Samanta. Bharata (Vitatha) was born to Dusyanta of Sakuntala. From Bharata were descended the following : Suhotra - Suhota - Gala - Garda - Suketu - Brhatksatra

Brhatksatra had four sons: Nara Mahavira Garga and Hasti. Nara begot Sarnkrti and Sarnkrti begot Rantideva and Kuru

A son called Papaksaya was born to Mahavira. Garga begot Sani

Hasti founded Hasthinapura. He became the family progenitor. Hasti had three sons, Purumidha Ajamidha and Dvimidha. The King called Vipra was the son of Purumidha. Ajamidha, the second son of Hasti had three sons, Rksa Brhadisu and Nila. Their descendants are mentioned below. Rksa begot Sarhvarana and from Sarhvarana was born Kuru

From Kuru originated the Kuru dynasty. Kuru had four sons: Pariksit Sudhanus Jahnu and Nisada. Out of the four Sudhanus and Jahnu became family progenitors. (See: Kuruvamsa for more details)

From Sudhanus were descended in order : Suhotra - Cyavana - Krti – Uparicaravasu - Brhadratha - Jarasandha. Jarasandha had four sons: Soma Sahadeva Turya and Srutasru

From Jahnu were descended: Suratha - Viduratha - Sarvabhauma - Jayatsena - Ravaya - Bhavuka - Cakroddhata - Devatithi - Rksa - Bhima and Pratici

Pratici had three sons: Devapi, Santanu and Balhika. Santanu was also called Mahabhisak. And, he had two wives, Ganga and Satyavati. From Gang was born Bhisma ; of Satyavati Santhanu had two sons, Citrarigada and Vicitravirya

Citrarigada and Vicitravirya died before having any children. So the mother Sathyavati invited Vyasa to have children in the princesses of Citrarigada and Vicitravirya. To Vyasa was thus born Dhrtarastra, Pandu, and Vidura, and from Dhrtarastra the Kauravas in his wife Gandhari. Kunti and Madri, wives of Pandu, together they got from the Devas five sons, the Pandavas

Purana

Yayati had two wives named Devayani and Sarmistha. Devayani gave birth to Yadu and Turvasu. Sarmistha gave birth to Druhyu, Anu and Puru. Yayati, Puru's father, was turned into an old man by a curse of Sukracarya for an unfaithful relationship. The king called all his sons to his side and requested each to take his old age and give him their youth. All the elder sons refused to do it, but Puru agreed to do so. Taking the youth of Puru, his father, Yayati lived a sensuous life for a thousand years. Yayati gave back Puru’s youthfulness after realizing that passion can never be contended or fulfilled by surrendering to it. Yayati crowned Puru as king and left for sanyasa. Puru became a successful king and he later accepted vanaprastha.

.

Puru got of his wife Kausalya alias Pausti three sons named Janamejaya (Pravira), Isvara and Raudrasva.

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