सनातन धर्म भूमिका

Meaning of "avidya"







In General

1. According to Advaita, avidya is the false notion that world is real. It is a kind of metaphysical ignorance due to Maya (illusion). To the other disciples of Vedanta, avidya is the ignorance of the ultimate reality, the Brahman.

2. Avidya as an ordinary word means: opposite of vidya, without knowledge, ignorance, illusion.


Avidya is a term popular in Upanishads and very often used by Vedanta philosophers. By Maya (the illusion) the reality is not evident to us. The metaphysical non-duel Brahman through its concealing power (avarana sakti) and project the universe of multiplicity through its projecting power (vikshepa sakti) makes us see an illusory world.

,b>To the Advaita philosophers the world is pure illusion and it has no existence at all and only Brahman exists. Bahmati in his interpretation to Brahmasutra takes extreme position and argue that word is a false projection just like one mistake a rope as a snake. To the Dvaita philosophers, the world is having a temporal existence though it is doesn’t have an independent existence away from the Brahman.

Related entries found !

Word Sanskrit IAST In General Veda Purana
Aparavidyaअपरा विद्याaparavidyā

The lower knowledge for the worldly living are called Aparavidya. All those contribute to a...

Vedic knowledge is Paravidya

Bhagavad Gita also talk about Paravidya and Aparavidya and advice Arjuna that both are...
Read More
Atmavidyaआत्मविद्याātmavidyāAtmavidya means spiritual knowledge or the knowledge of Atma, the Supreme Spirit. Read More

The science of Brahman; knowledge of Brahman; learning pertaining to Brahman or the...

Read More

Psychology; science of the mind and the sub-conscience.

Read More
Paravidyaपरा विद्याparavidyā

Highest spiritual knowledge which leads one to Brahman is Paravidya. It cannot be...

The higher knowledge, the Paravidya (Brahmavidya) is the one by which the ultimate...

Bhagavad Gita also talk about Paravidya and Aparavidya

Read More
Rajavidyaराजविद्याrājavidyāRajavidya is the king of Vidyas, the royal path of spirituality. The ninth chapter of B.G. is... Read More

Sandilya Vidya is meditating of atman in the heart as the creator and sustainer of the...

Read More